WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN KURDISTAN REGION - IRAQ THE CASE OF DUKAN LAKE
Water is the key for sustaining life, almost ninety seven percent and half of water is flowing to ocean and remaining one is for drinking water. Within that concept, the world is facing water crisis, due to rapid growth in the population, continuous practicing food production, industry, infrastructure, and environmental change. The water management is the solution to these conflicts. Different water stakeholders such as farmer, domestic and household userâ€™s hydropower projects, recreational users and ecosystems can properly be managed in terms of water supply and consumption through the integrated water resources management.
Kurdistan north of Iraq is not far from this problem, before 1970 when agriculture was the main business at the same time problematic especially after 1980 due to change in environment. People started to shift from agriculture to different business which caused immigration from rural to urban. Furthermore, cutting trees was main target for people. As the result there was growth in population and urbanization, and water demand increased while supply water or managing water system remained the same.
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