INCIDENCE OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS AMONG PATIENTS PRESENTED TO HAWLER TEACHING CENTRE FOR DERMATOLOGY DISEASES, ERBIL-IRAQ, FROM JANUARY 2015 TO DECEMBER 2017
Objective: To determine the incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Erbil province.
Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study was performed in the Hawler teaching center for dermatology Diseases. All the patients who presented at the dermatology clinic during the period from January 2015 to December 2017 were referred cases from health centers outside Erbil center. The provisional diagnosis was dependent mainly on clinical examination in addition to Giemsa stain.
Results: A total of 1938 cutaneous leishmaniasis cases were diagnosed during the study period. During the study period the total skin diseases cases which were referred to this center was 2871, so the percentage of cutaneous leismaniasis among the total dermatological cases was (67.5%) and the highest of morbidity cases 848 (43.8%) was in the year 2016.All patients were referred from two districts in Erbil governorate: Makhmur & Kalak .Makhmur district had the highest percentage of cases (72.6%).Males representing 58.3%% of the cases. The study participants ranged from 10 months to 61 years. Age group <15 years were 57.4% and the highest percent of cases in children 650 (33.5%) followed by students 462(23.8%). The highest number of cases was recorded during February 663(34.2%) & January 369 (19%) while the lowest rate of cases was registered during July 4(0.2%).Clinically, 51.4% of patients had one lesion, 52.3% of patients had wet type. Most lesions were found on both limbs (56.9%).. According to stain results, 70.8% of the cases were positive to Giemsa stain.
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