KNOWLEDGE OF BREAST CANCER RISK FACTORS AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF SORAN TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
Background and objectives: Worldwide, breast cancer is a considerable health-threatening factor among women. Students are very important part of community and encourage them to regular practicing breast self examination would be a good medium to share useful information to population. The purpose of this study was to find out knowledge of breast cancer and practice of breast self examination among female students.
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January through May 2018, involving 100 female students which selected by simple random sampling. Data was collected through the use of a specially designed questionnaire to assess whether female students of Soran Technical Institute are knowledgeable about breast cancer risk factors as well as to identify the practice of breast self examination.
Results: This study revealed that (50%) of sample were within the age group (20 - 25) years, mostly (93%) single, and majority (86%) indicated no family history of breast cancer. Near half (48%) of students had average knowledge of breast cancer, while majority (64%) had poor breast self examination knowledge. A significant association were found between academic level and knowledge of breast cancer, while there was no significant association between breast self examination and selected variables.
Conclusions: According to study findings lack of knowledge and poor practice of breast self examination were founded among female students. Therefore, it is advisable assessing barriers of practicing BSE and improving students' awareness about importance of performing BSE on a regular basis for early detection of breast cancer and reducing risks.
Key Words: Knowledge, Breast Cancer, Breast Self Examination, Female Students
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